To the participants at the day of prayer for peace in the world.
Assisi, January 24, 2002.
Holiness, Eminences, Estimated Fathers, Gentlemen, Participants to the day of prayer for the peace,
the first January 2001 of the Gregorian calendar it has been founded the Republic of the Earth, as proposal for a world-wide government directly elected by the inhabitants of the planet in order to contribute to the maximum possible development of the human beings, to assure full democracy and to guarantee effective solidarity for a peaceful life.
The Constitution of the Republic of the Earth establishes principles of freedom, justice and equality unanimously shared and the shapes for build it, complying with the regulations of the international right. It previews the election of a International Assembly for the formation of the laws and a Government of the Republic for their execution. Until when the International Assembly will be elected, the Republic of the Earth is directed by a Committee of Representatives.
One of the established fundamental principles of the Constitution is the redistribution of the wealth between the inhabitants of the planet. For this it has been emitted Dhana, the currency of the Republic of the Earth. The 14 June 2001 it has been emitted the first six billions of Dhana guaranteed by a capital of 150 billions of Euro, one Dhana for 25 Euro. Furthermore the emission of 450 billions of Dhana is previewed, guaranteed by a total capital of 11,250 billions of Euro, par to approximately 9,900 billions of American dollars. Hundreds Dhana will be assigned to everyone of the 4.5 billions of inhabitants of the Earth that participate to the exchanges.
But more important of the wealth are the safety and the peace. The peace does not have to be taken like the result of a process but like the beginning of a process and the presupposed one through which it is possible to grow and to develop. The safety cannot depend on the force of the weapons but from the knowledge that the violence is the negation of intelligence and in the conviction that through the pacific comparison it is possible to face the problems of who lives in poor conditions without damaging who is in better conditions.
Two people who for a long time inhale to freedom and security are that Hebrew and that Palestinian. Nearly three million Palestinian, between which half million refugees live like aliens in their own house in the West Bank and the Strip of Gaza. Beyond four million Palestinian of the diaspora are forced to live in a foreign country. Five million Hebrew live in the complete personal insecurity and fear the destruction of their nation.
For beyond fifty years the maximums exponents of states, international organizations and greatest religions have operated and prayed for the peace in Palestine. Uselessly. Perhaps economic interests, inner disagreement to the two people, fear and also attitude of some exponents of the two parts have till now made to prevail the reasons of hatred and the race rather than those of the understanding and the forgiveness. The religions do not have some responsibility for this situation that seems irreversible by now. They have been and only are adduced as pretext in order to ignite the deprived of hope minds of. If not, it can be said that the greatest religions have not made all what they could in order to prevent and in order to resolve this useless conflict that today risks to involve, as unfortunately is happened several time, the near by countries , and also those more distant, in a risen of mutual terrible crusade the one against the others.
In spite of this gloomy forecast, we cannot, we do not have give up. Who wants indeed the peace on the Earth has the moral duty to search and to signal the instruments in order to resolve the situation in Middle East. It is necessary to be realistic and concrete. After many clear agreements, the situation is falling. It does not remain that to start from the original solution, and follow the international right. From the date of 26 June ,1945, the states have assigned to the United Nations the task to resolve the international and regional conflicts. 29 November 1947, the general meeting of the United Nations has adopted Resolution n. 181 with which it has established the division of Palestine between Arabs and Hebrew and an international regime for the city of Jerusalem.
Convinced of the necessity of having to start again from a certainty, we have invited all the states members of the United Nations to ask the General Secretary the urgent call for a special session for the General assembly in order to confirm or modifies resolution n. 181 of the 29 November 1947 in relation to the division of Palestine and to the regime of Jerusalem.
We have also invited the State of Israel and the Palestinian National Authority to act in accordance with the Resolution n. 181 still in force and we have urged the representatives of all the Israeli and Palestinian political forces to take the responsibility to immediately stop every action of violence against anyone. No violence is legitimate.
We ask You and all the participants to the day of prayer in Assisi the 24January 2002 for the peace in the world to express a common consent to this initiative, with the enrichment of ideas and initiatives that sure, with the other participants, You will be able to bring, exhorting all the states of the planet to concretely act for the peace in Middle East.
From ours part, after some travels to Palestine, we have engaged the society whose capital has been put as warranty to the first emission of Dhana to support social initiatives and economic enterprises in Palestine, for a total value of three hundred million Dhana, par to 7.5 billions of Euro (approximately 6.6 billions of USS), previewing the free transfer of the property of the enterprises to the workers once that the investments will be amortized
I trust that this is the best way in order to translate in practical the message that the Holy Father wants to announce « to believers and not believers, the men and the women of good will, that have as desire the good of the human family and its future: »«there is Not peace without justice, not justice without forgiveness. »
Thank You for the attention and please accept the sentiments of my maximum esteem.
Assisi, 22 January 2002.
Rodolfo Marusi Guareschi
To the Governments and the Representatives
of the States Members of the United Nations
The Palestinian issue become more and more worrisome and difficult, for the involved populations and for the repercussions that this conflict can have on the peace in all the planet. Over fifty years of contrasts, wars and mutual accusations, not only between Hebrew and Palestinian but also between various other countries, have transformed this part of the world in a fuse that can ignite a colossal powder magazine whit the risks of involving many nations, cultures, ideologies and interests.
All the nations of the Earth have the right and the duty to search and to indicate the instruments in order to interrupt a process that represents the inability of the institutions to find a solution and at the same time a shame for the humanity. Perhaps the original error has been to consider peace and security as result instead of an origin and a indispensable presupposed of the process of development, democracy and solidarity.
Nearly three millions Palestinians, including half million of refugees, live like aliens in their own house in the West Bank and the Strip of Gaza. Beyond four millions Palestinians of the diaspora are forced to live in a foreign country. Five millions Hebrews live in the complete personal insecurity and fear the destruction of their nation. It is not a matter regarding only them. It regard all of us, our common moral sense and our future.
Since June 26, 1945, nearly all the states have assigned to the United Nations the task to resolve the international and regional conflicts. Well, 29 November 1947, the General Assembly of the United Nations has adopted Resolution n. 181, with which it has established the division of Palestine between Arabs and Hebrews and a special international regime for the City of Jerusalem.
The international right of which the statute of the United Nations and the decisions legitimately taken by the General Assembly are between the maximum expressions is the result of a comparison and a political consent that can and must become concrete means in order to face this conflict.
We invite therefore the states members of the United Nations to ask the General Secretary the urgent call for a special session of the General Assembly so that confirmations or modifies of Resolution n. 181 of 29 November 1947 in relation to the division of Palestine and the regime of Jerusalem can be taken.
We invite the same states to join to the demand that we have forwarded to the State of Israel and to the Palestinian National Authority so that they conform to the Resolution n. 181 still in force and we have urged the representatives of all the Israeli and Palestinian political forces to take the responsibility to immediately stop every act of violence against anyone.
We have invited all the participants to the day of prayer in Assisi on 24 January 2002 for the peace in the world to express consent and support to this initiative.
Thank you for the attention, please accept the senses of the maximum esteem.
Italy, 23 January 2002.
Rodolfo Marusi Guareschi
TO THE ISRAELI AND PALESTINIAN GOVERNMENTS
AND POLITICAL FORCES
The nations Hebrew and Palestinian aspire justly to freedom, well-being, development, justice, equality, democracy, security and peace. The Hebrew have fought fifty years (since August 1897 to May 1948) to find them self in an independent state with a territory, people and a government. The Palestinian have never had they own state.
After beyond fifty years since Resolution n. 181 of 27 November 1947 of the General Assembly of the United Nations, all the agreements are put in argument. In this period of time, the Hebrews had to defend from the inside and from the outside their legitimate independence and the Palestinians have fought uselessly to obtain it. Both the people have been often external instruments of aim and interests, that have destroyed the mutual acknowledgments. The hopes of peace between the two people seem completely lost.
However, when the situation is so complex that the rules do not succeed anymore to hold united a system of relationships and behaviours and all seems to end in the contrast and the conflict, it is necessary to establish new rules starting from those assumed legitimately according to the international right.
It may be that Resolution n. 181 is old and against history. Sure in part it has not been adopted and in part it has been applied badly. It may be that it must be modified. Nevertheless it is from that decision that a start must be taken in order to search more suitable solutions and instruments to compose the conflict in Middle East. Otherwise, it would have to be accepted that two people whom entirety represent less of the two for thousands of the entire humanity can establish their relationships without consideration for the international context. Who has thought that this possibility could produced positive results as evidently mistaken. At the end it could not be like it is. An international organism as the United Nations can carry out its function if the decisions are taken in a democratic way, without hegemonies, and if the adopted decisions then are translate in practical. Otherwise it is only appearance of the right.
Resolution n. 181 established the division of Palestine between Arabs and Hebrews and a special regime for the City of Jerusalem. Concrete answer of the international right to a concrete problem. It had to be adopted. That would not have prevented to the interested parts to introduce new proposal, discuss them and eventually to modify the decisions taken in that occasion.
Well, the same problem is actual now.
Our proposals are:
- the majority of the states members of the United Nations asks the General Secretary the call for a special session of the General Assembly that can confirm or modify Resolution n. 181 of 27 November 1947;
- the Security Council of the United Nations adopts immediately the best suitable decisions in order to guarantee the application of Resolution n. 181 and its eventual modifications;
- the representatives of the Hebrew and Palestinian nations adopt right now Resolution n. 181 (still in force), with the withdrawal of the Israeli Armed Forces from the territories indicated in the part II, section A) and the status of Jerusalem like previewed by part II section B) and by part III section A), with the borders established by part III section B) and the conditions placed by part III section C) of Resolution n. 181 and they are engaged to adopt within the minimum possible time the eventual modifications;
- the representatives of the Hebrew and Palestinian political forces to which the present is forwarded indicate to their supporters to stop immediately whichever kind of violence against anyone and take personal responsibility for eventual infractions;
- the representatives of the institutions and the Palestinian political forces transmit to the United Nations the declaration previewed by part I section C) of Resolution n. 181, with warning of declaration of the independent State of Palestine within the term of time closely necessary in order to agree to the relative act of proclamation and with indication of a capital city that take in consideration the limits indicated in the same Resolution n. 181 about the City of Jerusalem that would have to include common of Jerusalem and the surrounding villages and cities, until to Abu Dis to the east, Bethlehem to the south, 'Ein Karim to the west and Shu'fat to the north.
On these bases we have asked the consent of the states members of the United Nations and their permanent representatives, of the Government of the State of Israel and of the Palestinian National Authority, of the representatives of all the religions who join together in Assisi the 24 January 2002 to pray for the peace in the world.
By our part, we confirm the content of the letter already transmitted 19 December 2001 to the President Arafat concerning a plan of investments for social and economic initiatives with a value of 7.5 billions of Euro, equal to approximately 6.6 billions of American dollars.
We hope that these proposals are accepted with express declaration by all the interested ones. All the citizens of the Earth are interested to the respect of the international right, above all when the violation involves a risk for the peace and the security in every place of the planet. For this, in case of lacked acceptation of the aforesaid proposals, anyone, individual, group or organization will have the right to directly assume the initiatives that they think opportune in order to enforce, without violence but with extreme concreteness, what has been legitimately established by the regulations of the international right.
Thank you for the attention, best greetings.
Italy, 22 January 2002.
Rodolfo Marusi Guareschi