There was a woman who did not have the strength to look at her dead son, she had her face covered with desperation while she was looking at me fixing my eyes. Without speaking She was asking me the following questions to which I have tried to answer.

Who are we?

We can think we are what we deduce and we deduce what we perceive.

To deduce means to draw a particular conclusion by a general principle that results to the facts.

To perceive means to achieve the elements of the external truth by means of the senses or the intuit.

What is all?

All is the truth that we know and what we can deduce from it. To think to the all means to deduce it by the what we perceive.

How do we think to all?

We can think to all as the fusion of energy, space and time.

Reflecting on energy, space and time we perceive, we can think of energy, space and time that we do not perceive.

All is the whole of what we perceive and of what we do not but that we can deduce.

What is the immanent?

Immanent is what is part of the substance of a thing and that does not subsists outside of it.

Transcendent is what goes past the limits of every possible knowledge.

All we think is immanent.

Only what is not believed is transcendent.

What is the time?

The time is the measure of the movements of the energy that is transformed in the space.

The time is born by the energy in motion.

Without movement of the energy the measure of movements, the time, would not even be.

What is the space?

The space is the mean created by the energy to transform it and to evolve.

The space is born by the relationship between the parts of the energy.

Can all be different from how we expect it?

We can only think that without time space does not exist and without space time does not.

Without space and time energy can exist.

Therefore the energy can have been the all before of the space and the time and will can still be the all at the end of the space and the time.

What are the present, the past and the future?

The present is the state of the evolution of the energy in a certain space and in certain moment of the time.

The past has been energy in less space and less time.

The origin is energy without space and time.

The future will be energy with more space and more time until the end of time and space.

Does chaos exists?

Perhaps it has existed in origin.

A process that starts from an origin for an aim cannot have causes and rules.

The rules of the evolution are born from the meeting of the requirements of energy in continuous transformation in space and time:  when the complexity of the evolutionary state places unsolvable requirements all gives himself new rules.

What is a cycle?

The rules are in delay regarding the requirements.

Such delay provokes the cyclical evolutionary states:  a step ahead and half behind.

Therefore we can  imagine an uninvolvible state that puts in motion a constant advance evolutionary process.

How does all regulate its self?

All is a complex system, a totality of organised parts and relations between them and their behaviours, while the atmosphere is constituted from a totality of all those parts that influence such system and also of all the others who’s behaviours are influenced from the same system.

All the systems are opened because the parts of every system have relationships with parts of other systems.  Also the all constituted one from energy, space and time is a system opened towards the all constituted one from energy without space and time.

What is the structure of a system?

The complex systems have an organized hierarchical structure on dyadic levels that assign to the parts double valence:  every part represents its self when it addresses upwards while it represents the totality when it addresses towards the bottom.

For this it is stretched towards the high:  every part is felt crushed from the parts that are found over of her and reacts.

Which shape has one hierarchical structure?

The shape of a hierarchical structure can be represented from a scale pyramid in which every step corresponds to a level with the maximum capacity and that it can accommodate the maximum number of parts.

The increase of the total number of parts cannot be accommodated on the existing levels but it demands the creation of new steps which new levels correspond.

The new steps cannot be created on the apex or sides of the pyramid, but only to its base.

How do you climb it?

The part that wants to go up a step must complete a effort in order to go up and one in order to find a space for himself in the advanced step, where every part tries to defend just the space.

To every part that comes down or comes low dragged, corresponds a part that succeeds to go up towards the high.

What is the problem?

The hierarchical structure and the dyadic valence influence the relations between the parts and their behaviours, determining therefore the way of evolution of the same parts.

How do we perceive it?

From the fact that all that we know expresses an inferior valence to its potential one because of the cycles that are taken place in space and time.

The single will of the parts does not succeed to exceed a certain limit, because the evolution of the energy does not find a reply in the evolution of all that comprises space and time.

That is why the energy is forced to attend that there is enough space and time in order to evolve the same all which energy is part of .


And the cause of this limit is the structure of the system in which we live.

How can we realise that the problem exists?

Simply putting in comparison what we know would be right with what we manage to make.

Our wills can not reveal them selves freely because they are limited by the structure of the system.

Rule follows demand, until rules lack demand regresses all and makes rules take a step backwoods.

Then rule is born, and all takes a step forwards.

How long has it been like this?

It always has, because beginning starts from the requirement of the energy to evolve.

Requirement was born first, then rule.

That is why beginning performs in chaos, because at the beginning rules do not exist.

To a certain degree of complexity rules settle down.

Causal order was born followed by a partial chaos (determined from the difference of evolution of energy  and the totality of energy, space and time), then by a new rule and later by new chaos.

This is the process of the cycles, a concatenation of states of evolution and decline that slows down the evolution of all.

Energy imprisoned in all is forced to follow this process.

When the system was risen also its structure had origin.

Why is that?

Because energy before space and time, i.e. all before space and time, has had the requirement of evolve and it has found the way do it, but the rule to order the evolution of the new all that has been created in the space and with the time.

The pure energy does not know and it does not need rules.

Only space within energy together with time demand rules.

And what can we do?

After having resolved our own essential requirements, instead of inventing other requirements, some parts can decide to modify the structure.

The improvement of the structure produces the improvement of all.

It is the revolution, and also the re-balance, of the rule of selection:  exceeded the minimal level, instead of perpetuating the affirmation push on the others, we act on the structure, to modify it for itself and the others.

What is the target?

To carry the level of evolution of all to the level of evolution of the energy.

It means to discover our own all and use it to improve the all of which we are part.

In order to modify the way of evolution of the relationships and the behaviours of the parts of the complex systems it is necessary to exceed their hierarchical structure and create a partecipative structure, transforming the pyramid scale in to a sphere with equal distances form the centre.

How does the structure problem get solved?

Modifying its shape.

The composition of the parts of a wood piece is the same as the one of the wood shavings obtained from its grinding.

But the behaviour is different.

The wind breath that can scatter the shavings cannot raise the wood piece.

A various shape of the truth does not change its substance but can change its behaviours.

It is a case of adjusting the structures shape to the content’s substance.

To transform the pyramid in a sphere it is necessary to move it and make it rotate so that it assumes at first the shapes of an elliptic cone, then of a double elliptic cone with common base and, finally, of a sphere.

In order to make the pyramid rotate it is necessary that a part of it that find its self on a certain step comes down of a level and, leaving a substitutive entity that occupies the freed space, you associate its valence to the one of the level on which it has come down:  the valence of the inferior level turns out therefore increased of the valence of the part that is come down, while the valence of the advanced level turns out reduced from the neutrality of the part that replaces the part that is come down to the inferior level.

Repeating the method we obtain a process that increases the valence of the inferior levels down to the base of the structure, from where it is possible to move the entire pyramid by joining the efforts of its leaves.

The movement of spin modifies the pyramid in a cone and tilts the scales giving them a propeller’s vanes shape.

The acceleration of the rotating movement expands the median lateral surface of the cone and reduces its base until becoming a double cone with one common base.

Finally it assumes the sphere shape.

What for?

So that every part of all can express its one potential better.

In order to free the substance from the structure’s limits by transforming it.

With which means?

Employing our intelligence for the time necessary to achieve and the time necessary to act (QET2 = intellectual quotient for energy in the unit of time for time in order to achieve for time in order to act).

We have the conscience of being, the sensibility in order to achieve and elaborate plus the ability to communicate quickly.

At the end the difference between us and a stone is the ability to do more things in the same time unit.

We can assert of being parts of all that go faster of it.

In order to realise the equilibrium, we can regress in comparison of all or evolve the others parts of all.

How can we organise our selves?

Discovering how we are and acting in function of the aim we want to reach.

First of all we must love each other.

Then we must establish how each of us must have relationships with others, basing are selves on what we are and not on what we would like to be.

Then we must establish how to placed our selves in comparison with of all the others.

Then it is necessary to produce.

Finally we must be coherent with our aims and to revise our ideas in the continuous search of the truth.

The more truth we discover the less errors we will make. 

What can we do?

Anything that we know to be in coherence with our strategy. 

What we think is communicated by what we do.

If the what we do is incoherent our thoughts will be distorted and also they will become incoherent.

Will we find any obstacles?

All is enclosed in a primordial structure who is addressing every part of All to its own hierarchical shape (scale pyramid).













Because the valence of the totality  of parts is higher then the sum of the valences of its parts, the obstacles are only surmountable through the action performed by some parts without that all the others join against them.

And if it will not be possible?

If a problem is perceived it is because  the possibility to solve it exists.

If nobody had never thought of the same problem, until now, it can only mean that the conditions in order to face the problem have not existed.

To perceive a problem means sooner or later you will have to face it that means sooner or later you will have to solve it.

So also the human system, therefore, is a complex system?

The human system is an organised totality of persons and relations between them and their behaviours. The Earth is the environment constituted by the totality of all the factors that influence the system and also of everything who’s  behaviours are modified by the human system.

The fundamental rule on which the human system is based i.e. the organisation’s principle, is the necessity to communicate between its parts.


What is an holistic system? 


The human system is founded on many subsystems.

Every system has one own fundamental base.

Holistic  is an all entirety, it means that we are all part of the same system in which we have civil, political, economic, moral and religious relationships and behaviours that depend on the social subsystems.

What is a social system?

A social system is a spontaneous and organised totality the of two or more individuals and of the relations between them and their behaviours in a tidy field of relationships through which their own maximum personality can be expressed, while the social environment is constituted from the totality of all those individuals that influence such system and also of all the other individuals whose behaviours are influenced from the social system.

Fundamental base is the attraction between two or more persons.

What is a civil system?

A civil system is the totality of the rules that realize the equilibrium of the relationships of the single ones and of the groups that participate to an organized society and of relations between of they and their effects, while the civil atmosphere is constituted from all the behaviours that influence such system and also of all those that are influenced from the same civil system and from its rules.

The fundamental civil base is the difference of freedom between one single person and the others .

What is a political system?

A political system is the totality of the different methods of coordination of relationships and behaviours of all those people that participate to an organized society  through the making and management of the authority that derives from the entire society on to the individual in function of everyone’s goodness. The political environment is constituted of all the wills that influence such system and also of all those that are influenced from it.

The fundamental political base is the mutual expectation between every person and all the others.

What is an economic system?

An economic system is the organised totality of the subjects that participate to production and destination processes of wealth and also to  relationships and behaviours among those subjects and the natural resources. Nature is the environment constituted from all the subjects and the resources that influence such system and also from everything which turns out influenced from the same economic system.

The fundamental economic base is the availability of the resources that we are capable of transforming.

What is a moral system?

A moral system is the totality of the human attitudes and relations among them and the personal and collectives behaviours that come true in manifestations and conditions of the intellectual life and in their concrete expression. The moral ambient is constituted from the consciences and the actions that influence such system and also of everything which comes influenced from the same moral system.

The fundamental moral base is the coherence between thought and action.

What is the religious systems?

A religious system is the totality of the ideas, the conceptions of the single ones and the groups about the existent and the relations between them and their manifestations. The religious ambient is constituted from the acquaintances, the facts and the deductions that influence the system and also of everything which comes influenced from the same religious system.

The fundamental religious base is the necessity to know the truth.

How can we change it?

We cannot change the substance we are made of.

The substance has a its system, its one structure and its one fundamental rule.

To modify the substance you should change the system of the relationships and of the behaviours between its parts.

To modify the system you should modify its structure and to do it you would have to know all the rules of it.

Because no part of a system can know all the rules of the system which it is part of, it does not seem possible to modify neither the structure neither the system of the substance.

Instead we can change the shape of the substance, as we can change the shape of almost all the things that our senses perceive.

It could be that the transformation of the shape of the substance also modifies the substance, but it is possible that it does not happen.

In any case the effect will be positive, because also the single improvement of the shape would concur with the substance of living better and developing.

To change the shape of the substance it is necessary that the individual system of one of its parts –i.e. one singles organism –comes carried to such a complexity to demand the modification of its own structure.

By modifying the structure of the system you give origin to a new system, that could be emulated and perfected from other subjects by means of the continuous improvement of its structure.

When the totality subjects of the new system rises to a certain unit for which the valence of the entirety turns out higher than the sum of the valences of the subjects that are part of it, the entirety’s unity can affect the human system.

No part can resist, because the valence of the actions and of the feedback of the entirety’s unity is bigger than the sum of the valences of the reactions.

It is worth the rule for which five parts in discord express the maximum weakness of their unity, while the union of two parts of agreement has a higher valence than the sum of each one’s valence and also of the three parts in discord.

What shall we do?

Before we make we must be, to be we must think, in order to think we must deduce and in order to deduce we must perceive.

We are what we eat and what we breathe because we think about nutrition and breathing.

We worry about are nutrition and are breath  because we deduce from our experience and our intuition the way to do it.

We know how to do it because we perceive, we feel the feeling of hunger and the oxygen requirement.

Without perception deduction does not exist, without deduction does not exist thought, without thought does not exist conscience of being, without conscience of being only the past and the present exist but not the future.

April 1995.

Rodolfo Marusi Guareschi